Lord of the Flies by William Golding
Launched in 1954, the Lord of the Flies is the first novel by William Golding, and it includes most of the topics of the author’s future works: the tendency of analyzing the individual psychology in parallel with the collective one, the temptation of using violence, isolation and loneliness because of which children are suffering, deep remorse, the gradual collapse of order in relation to forgetting. While the community on the island loses its sense of civilization, Ralph’s memory becomes increasingly blurred, as if all those on the island lose their humanity.
Lord of the Flies can be clearly seen as a moralistic work, on the relationship between good and evil. The island where the children are living can symbolize a Garden of Eden, where they have all the existing premises for a harmonious existence. The accidental burning of the forest symbolizes the desire of affirmation of the power of human community (in front of the deity or to natural forces). The nature of evil on the island takes various forms, initially being the evil represented by the unknown, then by the beast in the jungle, and then, the evil to catch a concrete form, represented by the wild boar’s head, the ‘lord of the flies’, the image of the devil on the island. The novel is essentially a sad allegory on the human tendency to return violently to instincts, when man is faced with certain conditions: isolation, lack of spatial or temporal reference.
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